The Color Bar is shown below. You can hide/show the color bar from the Panels ribbon menu group in the main menu.
You can select the fill or pen/line color for selected object by clicking on one of the color buttons in the Color Bar.
Left-click on a button to set the fill color.
Right-click to set the pen/line color.
If the selected object can only have a fill color, or a pen/line color, then clicking the left or right mouse button will set the fill or pen/line color.
If no object is selected then the selected color will be used as the default color when adding more objects.
This video demonstrates the color bar
Using the Color Bar